• The TI driver IC offers flexibility in a number of areas ranging from the output voltage to the LED strings to dimming controls. Indeed, the target applications with extremely high LED counts demand such flexibility.

    The output voltage to the strings, for example, can range from 12V to 95V. The range allows the driver to work with the large strings of individual emitters or the broad array of multi-die packaged LEDs that manufacturers such as Cree, Philips Lumileds and others have developed with varying forward-voltage configurations.

    The dimming implementation is flexible both in terms of how the dimming settings are conveyed and applied. Product designers can control dimming directly using a pulse width modulated (PWM) signal generated by a component such as a microcontroller. Alternatively, a design can use a DC voltage level to control the dim level. The third option is a digital transmission of a series of data bytes that convey the setting.

    The dimming commands can be applied universally to all six LED channels. Or a design can group channels into two sets of two channels, and two single channels and apply different dimming levels to each.

    While six channels is sufficient for most applications with LEDs getting brighter on an ongoing basis, a design can cascade multiple LM3463 ICs to drive even more strings. In such applications, one LM3463 serves as the master and settings such as dimming levels are then passed along to slave devices using the serial data control scheme.

    The LM3463 also includes a number of protection features including LED open- and short-circuit protection, over-temperature protection, and under-voltage lockout. Moreover, a global analog brightness control implements thermal foldback, and protects the LED strings from high-temperature conditions. The IC requires external MOSFETs to drive each string.

    Single channel driver ICs such as the new Allegro Microsystems A6211 can integrate the MOSFET and still offer flexibility in terms of output voltage. The driver IC supports output voltages ranging from 6V to 48V to supply varying configurations of LEDs in a single series string or multiple parallel strings.

    Designed for consumer, industrial, and architectural lighting applications, a single external current-sense resistor allows the driver IC to be configured for the LEDs and topology used in a specific application. The driver supports dimming via a PWM input.

    Moving to the opposite end of the driver IC spectrum, the new Diodes AL5812 IC supplies 150 mA of current and is optimized for use with the growing class of mid-power 0.5W LEDs. Diodes specifically targets applications such as signage and low-light SSL applications with the product.

    The 60W output would typically drive a single string of as many as 16 mid-power LEDs. Current is set via an external resistor. The driver IC does not support dimming. The design is optimized for a minimal bill of materials and low cost.


  • Ed Spoto helms Crossroads Audio, which provides many of the mics, PAs, lighting systems and rigs you see at local shows and festivals. Locally, his client list includes acts like Bowling For Soup, Erykah Badu, The Denton Blues Festival and the Dallas Symphony Orchestra.

    Nationally, Spoto, his wife Ashley (who runs the books and more) and the Crossroads crew have been involved in sound and lighting for Bonnaroo, Austin City Limits Music Festival and tons more. He’s a pretty reputable live recording engineer as well, and quite an irreverent critic with very eclectic tastes in local music, making for an interesting sit down.

    You’ve been known to say, “I hate people and I hate music.” True?

    To be fair, I do not hate people, just douchebag posers. And I don’t hate music, just the Auto-tuned songs. I used to be a runner for my promoter uncle in Tampa when I was 16. I learned pretty quickly to avoid being star struck! Seeing diva demands of has-been or never-were “artists” shaped my view of the industry.

    Your first live sound job in town was with Showco, and you hopped on some pretty big tours. You mind namedropping?
    Within three months of starting there, I was on tour with Soundgarden. By the end of the fall, I was on The Rolling Stones Voodoo Lounge tour. I started working my way up the audio ladder: Tech, systems engineer, monitors and front of house. I’ve also toured with Live, James Taylor, The Moody Blues, Lisa Loeb, Carlos Santana, George Strait and the Dixie Chicks to name a few.

    I understand Lisa Loeb is one of your favorite Dallas artists. Are there any more?

    I’m a fan of the Freddie Jones Jazz Quartet, Lisa Loeb, and Rigor Mortis.

    You’ve heard an awful lot of local and national, acts live. What does music need more of? Less of? How about the local music community itself?

    No more whistling, no more Auto-tune and lots more melody. More CDs, less digital mp3 sound bites. Additionally, just as there are high schools with focuses on alternative careers and job training, there is a need for education infrastructure to create talented audio engineers. Emphasis needs to be placed on critical listening skills for engineers, so live mixes do not sound like mp3 recordings. With the amount of volume capable in today’s PA systems, an emphasis needs to be placed on quality and not decibel quantity. A third of all students entering college have permanent hearing loss. We need to save these ears!

    Speaking of schools, which ones taught you?

    I was raised in Tampa, and I loved tinkering with electronics and toys at a young age. My father brought home a reel-to-reel recorder from Vietnam filled with Joan Baez, Beatles, Kensington Trio, numerous jazz standards like Miles Davis. I went to Vanderbilt in Nashville and got an electrical engineering degree, fully knowing that I wouldn’t ever be an electrical engineer. After I graduated from Vanderbilt, I attended Full Sail in Orlando, and earned my associates degree.

    Do you still go to concerts on your own time? Do you even have any free time running a place like this?

    I don’t go to concerts unless I have a friend to see, really. It’s horrible to go to a concert with an audio engineer because all they do is mentally re-tweak the system instead of just sitting back and enjoying it!


  • When Leo Villareal’s showcase opens at the Madison Museum of Contemporary Art on the evening of Saturday, the only light in the darkened main gallery will flicker and glow from the artwork on the walls.

    For Villareal, light is both subject and material. A New York-based artist known for large architectural installations and hypnotic light sculptures, Villareal is in the business of transformation.

    Pieces like the 15-foot-wide “Diamond Sea” (2007) invite the viewer to linger in front of a mirrored wall populated with thousands of tiny LED lights, running in fast-moving, untraceable patterns. From 2010, “Amanecer” (which means “dawn” in Spanish) emits diffuse, pastel colors that recall Monet’s water lilies.

    “The works take on very different qualities,” said museum director Stephen Fleischman. “Some of them are restful, sort of transformative, contemplative …

    “Other works are quite high voltage, no pun intended. They dance across the surface and are quite chaotic, so there is a whole range of expressions there.”

    The show, called simply “Leo Villareal,” debuted at the San Jose Museum of Art in Aug. 2010. It has shown in Nevada, Kansas and Georgia; Madison is its final stop.

    For the show’s debut, Villareal described his artistic process for a video on the San Jose museum’s website.

    “My pieces are very open-ended,” he said. “I don’t know what they’re going to be when I’m making them … my goal is to create the conditions for something to happen.

    “You create the parameters, but then let it happen. You’re there to capture that moment of discovery.”

    Villareal, whose background includes found art, virtual reality and theater technical design, created his first light sculpture in 1997 at Burning Man, the annual art event in the Nevada desert.

    “The epiphany for me was that you can create a very potent work of art with a small amount of information,” Villareal said in the video. “The most inspiring thing about Burning Man is you ask someone, ‘Where did you get that?’ And the answer 99 percent of the time is, ‘Oh, I made it.’”

    Villareal’s installations draw the eye with seemingly random patterns created by complex mathematical algorithms programmed into Mac mini computers.

    Staring at “Diamond Sea” over several minutes, one sees patterns of light that resemble waves on the ocean, Doppler images of Hurricane Isaac, even the ghosts in Pac-Man.

    “He doesn’t want there to be any pre-established meaning behind anything. It’s really people coming to their art on their own terms.”

    Currently, Villareal is creating a piece for the 75th anniversary of the Bay Bridge in San Francisco. The installation, “Bay Lights,” will span one-and-a-half miles of the bridge and include 25,000 energy-efficient white LED lights. It is expected to be complete in January 2013.

    Meanwhile, in Madison, MMoCA staff hope that Villareal’s work will appeal to everyone from math lovers enamored with the complex technology to young adults who stand transfixed by the moving lights.


  • Gurdon’s lighting design for MDNA necessarily develops around very specific needs of the show, especially taking into consideration the extensive choreography, the overall stage (designed by Mark Fisher and built by Tait Technologies), and the show evolution. “However, because the lead in time for this show was a lot shorter than normal, it was necessary for me to second guess a lot of this, as the show was still being developed long after the lighting design needed to be finalized,” Gurdon says.

    The performer herself, however, is always his starting point. “Everything is evaluated in relation to the requirement to ‘look after’ the star,” the designer says. “Beyond that, her shows are very theatrical, everything being there for a reason, and everything telling a story through costume, choreography, staging, and video material. The lighting treatment needs to be sympathetic to all of these aspects of the show, but underpinning everything is the music. The lighting needs to reflect and underpin the dynamic energy of the music, and sometimes that will trump any other consideration.”

    Gurdon’s rig includes 156 Clay Paky Sharpy units–”for their unparalleled efficiency ratio of size to intensity”–arranged in clusters to be used individually or grouped. Ninety-two PRG Best Boy 4000 Spot Luminaires were chosen “for their flat field, dynamic zoom range, flexibility, and fast and precise shuttering system.” These are used with 20 Philips Vari-Lite VL3500 Spots primarily for keylighting.

    Twenty-eight Robe Robin 1200 LEDWash lights are used in the audience and in limited positions on the stage. “I chose them for their brightness and zoom range,” says Gurdon, adding that he felt there were limited opportunities to make use of LED lighting in this particular design.

    “I like the lighting rig to be functional and non-invasive. Some LED units seem to be a bit too visible as modern lighting fixtures, which isn’t always the right look. For example, the Sharpy clusters were perfect to simulate the shafts of light coming through the window of a virtual gothic cathedral, but an LED unit would have looked completely out of place. I use certain lights again and again as workhorses for specific jobs and will adopt new technology only if it offers something better in its workhorse function than what I have used to date, rather than for intricate features which are often of little interest to me because they seem to be more about lighting as an end in itself. The Robins were great for audience lights, for their instant color-changing, and their brightness. They had a few quirky features which seemed quite cool for one moment, but which I would be unlikely to use very often.”

    The MDNA lighting rig, supplied by PRG, also includes five GLP Impression 120 RZ LEDs, nine Robe Robin 600 LEDWash units, and 38 Philips Vari-Lite V:3500 Wash units. Followspots include four Lycian M2s, six Strong Lighting Gladiator IIIs, and three Brite Box units. Control comprises three PRG V676 consoles, one V476 console, and 11 PRG Virtuoso Node Plus units, as well as three City Theatrical SHoW DMX systems and 11 PRG Series 400 Data and Power Distribution Racks.


  • If you poked around in a lot of homes here and around the country, you might fight old armoires sitting empty and neglected in the garage, or even at a garage sale.

    Those attractive pieces of furniture once proudly contained the family’s major TV, the cathode ray sets, the big bulky ones with square-shaped screens.

    Then came flat screens of all sizes, relegating the older armoires, lovely as they may be, to the dustbin of history, along with typewriters, 45-rpm record players and spittoons.

    Now, to the armoires’ rescue comes a Naples couple, Craig and Beth Boyce, who have created a mom-and-pop business bringing new life to old furniture — transforming the almost obsolete armoires into “Barmoires.”

    “We saw a need and decided to try to fill it,” Craig says, “in our own home.”

    When the Boyces moved to Naples from New England, they brought an armoire with them. But it looked out of place and didn’t hold the new high-definition flat-screen TVs.

    “I don’t know how the bar idea came to us, but we converted the piece into a bar and it looked great, partly because we incorporated the use of low energy-high output LED lighting into the cabinet.”

    They did the work themselves, painting and refinishing the wooden armoires, moving or replacing shelves, adding a wine rack, etc. They bought a few armoires cheaply and converted them.

    “We rented a booth at the Flamingo open air market in Bonita because we had four Barmoires and had to get them out of our condo. So, we used the booth as a showroom and that worked out great. Now we’re getting some retailers who are putting our finished products in their stores.

    “Our customers include people who don’t have bars and love these because they don’t take up much space.

    “I think Americans like armoires, grew up with them, had them in their homes. Some of them can be beautiful pieces of furniture.”

    The lighting in the Barmoires is a strong selling point.

    “We use blue lighting to highlight the wine storage area and white lighting for the workspace and task areas of the bar counter,” he said.

    “At night it all just glows. Some customers say they liked their armoires so much and are pleased to recycle them in this way.”

    The remodel effort started with removing the old Brenner’s storefront sign from the front of the building. Owners said that the project is in part  to help revitalize the downtown business community and modernize their building.

    “The overall vibe of downtown is changing and so we need to change too.” said David Fenderich, a part owner of the downtown location.

    Brenner’s said that the remodel project will include new signs, awnings, LED lighting and foliage on the sidewalk. They said that construction is scheduled to be completed by the end of October.


  • The lack of safety signs or tags, obstructed exits, improper use of electrical cords and the storage of flammable materials in inappropriate areas were common violations in these buildings.

    The 23-year-old County Courthouse on San Antonio Avenue did not pass inspections due to a missing alarm system tag and combustible material stored in a utility area, according to the document.

    Another county property that ranked unsatisfactory in the report was the MDR Building at 500 E. Overland. Electrical items appeared to be unsafe, the fire protection system was not working and there were issues with an exit, the report shows.

    The 911 Center was also in violation for not having a permit for flammable materials.

    The Plaza Theatre did not pass inspection due to combustible materials found in an exit and improper use of extension cords. The main branch of the El Paso Public Library had problems with the sprinkler and electrical systems, fire extinguisher tags were missing or expired, and the emergency lighting system needed to be tested.

    El Paso Museum of History at 510 N. Stanton did not comply with the fire code after combustible material was found in a utility area, the fire protection system was inoperative and there was a tag missing in the alarm system, the fire report shows.

    The El Paso Police Department property and evidence office at 617 Texas had issues with the sprinkler system, while the Central Regional Command failed inspection because inspectors were not able to look into the fire alarm panel, the report says.

    The fire inspection at City Hall was unsatisfactory because the sprinkler system tags were missing.

    Fire permits at the El Paso Convention and Visitors Bureau were not up to date, extension cords were used instead of permanent electrical wiring, combustible materials were stored in a utility area, and sprinkler system tags were missing.

    The Chamber of Commerce did not have the proper exit sign required, while an assembly permit was missing.

    The Insights Museum at 505 S. Santa Fe St. did not pass the inspection because of problems with the electrical and sprinkler systems.

    The Tillman Building at 222 Campbell, owned by the city but managed by a nonprofit organization, had extension cords used instead of permanent wiring and the electrical junction box was not covered.

    The fire access of the old Federal Courthouse at 511 San Antonio was not the required size. In addition, the five-story-building does not have a sprinkler system.

    The inspection at the new Federal Courthouse on Magoffin Avenue was unsatisfactory because it did not meet requirements for fire department connection signs.

    Other government buildings that failed inspection were the U.S. Post Office at 219 E. Mills for not having the sprinkler or alarm system tags, and the Social Security Administration office at 600 Texas, which required emergency lighting and was missing an alarm system tag.

    The site assessment inspection at the Banamex building, 416 N. Stanton, where the Fire Department headquarters is currently located, was also unsatisfactory. The building is not a city-owned property.

    “Unsafe” electrical items, obstructed exits, and issues with the fire suppression system were found there, according to the report.


  • Luger Research / LED professional revealed that their membership application has been accepted by the International SSL Alliance (ISA) making them the first publishing house to join this not-for-profit NGO.  They join members from industry, academic institutions, professional societies and associations allowing them to work even closer with companies such as Cree, Philips, GE, Nichia, Everlight, Frauenhofer, Osram and many more.

    ISA is an international alliance of regional alliances and associations, renowned universities and institutions and leading companies in the SSL field. It is an independent legal entity which aims to enhance public-private partnership and intensify global cooperation to accelerate and foster the sustainable development of SSL.

    Siegfried Luger publisher of LED professional and director of the LED professional Symposium +Expo commented: “We are absolutely delighted to be given the opportunity to work with ISA and their members to assist the development of LED technologies, influence growth in the Solid State Lighting industry (SSL) and take part in shaping a sustainable society. We already work with many of the ISA members through our publications and the LED Symposium and Exhibition and we look forward to forming even closer relationships with them. We see our main role in bringing together all technological aspects of LED and OLED including legislation, standardization, research & development, manufacturing and supply & distribution. ”

    Lighting is the essential pre-condition for the existence of nearly all living beings on earth. SSL has unlimited innovation potentials to enhance people’s lives and to create a green & sustainable society. It is becoming a strategic industry and the technology of choice for both conventional and emerging lighting applications, with huge industrial, economic, scientific and social impact.

    Both ISA and LED professional are already part of international co-operations and are looking to extend global initiatives to accelerate and foster the development of the international SSL industry and applications.

    ISA’s scope covers the complete spectrum of SSL technologies and applications. Technologies include materials and equipment, LED-based light sources, modules, lamps, luminaires, electronics for lighting, systems, lighting design and architecture, testing and qualification, recycling, SSL related regulations, etc. Applications include all segments of general lighting, backlighting, transport and mobility, horticulture, healthcare, safety, communications, and other societal needs.

    LED professional has been working in this field for more than 10 years, establishing itself as a major voice with regard to LED and OLED related issues. The LED professional publications and especially the LED professional Symposium and Expo bring together industry, academia and organizations in the area of LED and OLED adding specialist knowledge and networks to ISA and its members. The LED professional Symposium and Expo is regarded as Europe’s foremost LED lighting event, a platform to interact, exchange and foster new relationships.

    The general opinion in the industry is that SSL related challenges can be solved when all the participants work together and form a strong partnership.


  • The exhibit celebrates craft’s reblooming and also the museum’s 40-year milestone. Each of the 40 artists chosen by curator Nicholas R. Bell was born after 1972, when the museum opened in its home down the street from the White House. The charmingly stodgy Renwick is known for its displays of traditional 19th- and 20th-century crafts and furniture, but the museum is taking this opportunity to look toward the future, showing, for example, one-name artist Olek’s room filled with objects encased in crocheted yarn and Joshua DeMonte’s architecturally inspired, digitally formed wearable sculpture.

    An eager optimism forms the heart of the exhibition, where “craft is about making a better world,” as the introductory text reads, and American traditions find new breath. The Renwick seeks to categorize this new generation of craft-based artists by running threads through possible common experiences, including the ubiquitous growth of the Internet and globalization, as well as the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, and the effect of continual warfare on the American identity. The show remarks on craft’s rise following industrialism and the separation of consumers from the objects they consume, which eventually fueled the DIY movement and websites like Etsy. But such attempts by the Renwick to frame this group of artists on such broad terms often feels forced.

    The exhibition, in reality, can’t speak for a generation or for craft’s future. The works instead revel more in new materials, new technologies, new histories, new experiences and, in one case, enlightenment.

    Illumination comes from Nick Dong’s “Enlightenment Room” installation, a sealed chamber filled with the aroma of incense and covered with convex white tiles on the walls and mirrors on the floor and ceiling. One at a time, visitors are invited to enter the space and sit on a cushioned seat, activating a series of sonorous Tibetan chants while more than 600 LED bulbs fill the room with bright light. The program ends immediately when the occupant stands, as if an enlightened moment has come and gone, contingent on the patience of the visitor.

    So how is this craft? Dong’s room challenges the viewer to forget about traditional categories and revel in the handcrafted: The 10,000 porcelain tiles in the room were made and signed by the artist’s own hands. Other works’ handicraft renew the everyday, such as Stacey Lee Webber’s pair of shovels made from soldered-together square cuttings of pennies and Sergey Jivetin’s necklace made of egg shells that collect in delicate clusters.

    It’s enough to make one look more carefully at surroundings. Olek simply brought her environment to Washington, installing a replica of her Brooklyn apartment in the galleries and covering everything from the bathtub to the bed with brightly colored crocheted yarn. Her installation will “go live” at points during the show, with performers wearing crocheted bodysuits. Olek also made her presence known in Washington days before the exhibition opened by “yarn-bombing” the Albert Einstein Memorial, covering the statue with a camouflage-pattern pink and purple jumpsuit.

    Such unexpected uses of materials reverberate throughout the show, such as in Sabrina Gschwandtner’s quilts, made with vintage 16mm films from the Fashion Institute of Technology stitched together with her own reels, and Melanie Bilenker’s resin brooches and lockets, showing images of her daily life — pouring milk or stepping into shoes — carefully “drawn” with her own hair. Sebastian Martorana’s exquisitely carved marble sculpture of a pillow indented by a resting head creates a permanent memorial to a fleeting moment: The object captures the instant when the artist lifted his father-in-law from his deathbed.


  • Much of your home’s energy is wasted through the windows simply because single pane windows are terrible at keeping the outside temperature separate from the inside temperature and window sills often have cracks that allow air seepage.

    Replacing your old windows with energy efficient windows can drastically cut back your energy bill. You can also repair your windows to reduce energy loss and use thick window coverings during the hottest parts of the day to reduce the amount of heat coming in. Strategically placed screens can provide an effective air flow through warm rooms, reducing your need for air conditioning.

    The kitchen is easily the most energy intensive room in the house, but it’s also the one that can help you save the most energy. First, take stock of your energy uses and habits in your kitchen: do you tend to leave things on and running, or leave appliances you rarely use plugged in? If replacing your major kitchen appliances just isn’t in the stars try to make them as energy efficient as possible. Turn off the heated dry setting on your dishwasher and only wash full loads. Keep your freezer and refrigerator stocked and set the temperature dial to medium; you can significantly reduce the energy consumed and even save food at the same time.

    Stop pre-heating your oven and leaving pans boiling on the stove. Also, washing dishes by hand with super hot water is not only bad for your skin, it requires a lot of energy to heat all that water. Get your dishes just as clean with concentrated soap and mildly warm water, and don’t forget to turn the water off while you’re scrubbing!

    A hot shower might be a wonderful way to relax at night or ease into morning, but heating water requires an immense amount of energy. The occasional hot shower isn’t terrible, but for daily use try a slightly cooler shower. If a full bathroom remodel isn’t possible, instead install water efficient shower heads, faucets and toilets that will save a good amount of energy. Unplug hair dryers and electric toothbrushes after using them and air out the bathroom by opening the door or a window instead of running the vent. Obviously, turn off the water while brushing your teeth!

    There are energy saving recommendations that have been around for a long time, like turn off lights after you leave a room, only wash laundry with a full load, put in energy efficient light bulbs and so on, but there are slightly more advanced ways to save energy at home and reduce your utility bill.

    Laundry: Wash on a cold setting and use a low heat drying option or air-dry your clothes outside. If you have a high efficiency washer use high efficiency detergent.

    Lighting: If you don’t need to turn on a light, don’t. Set exterior lighting on a timer or motion sensor. Also, replacing bulbs that give off heat with low-heat LED lighting can help you save on cooling costs in addition to energy.

    Air conditioning: Have your vents cleaned and maintain your AC unit. Clean vents mean your AC doesn’t have to work as hard or use as much energy to get the same temperature, and clean air filters help, too.

    Electricity: Don’t leave electronics plugged in when at all possible. Items like cell phones, laptops, and floor fans can be plugged in only when needed. Get an energy efficient surge protector (there are models that automatically shut off electricity when the item is charged) to plug in your electronics. Turn off your cable box when it’s not in use.

    Water heater: If you can’t replace your water heater with an energy efficient model, add a jacket to the heater and sleeves to the pipes to conserve energy.

  • Gypsy gets a collar because she’s the smartest dog in the contest.

    Bob DeSantis gets one because I couldn’t argue with his logic.

    Jim Gendregske gets one because he unleashed the most creative insult.

    That leaves two more stylish sets of lighted University of Michigan collars and leashes. But we’ll treat this like the Academy Awards, and save some of the announcements for later in the show.

    An outfit called Dog-E-Glow in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., just added U-M to its lineup of collegiate pooch accessories. The leashes ($29.99) and collars ($25.99) are constructed of nylon and 100,000-hour LED bulbs, said to be visible from 1,000 feet away.

    When I mentioned them last week, the last thing I intended was to write about them twice. Heck, as much as I love dogs, I don’t even own one. As my wife puts it, “We will never toilet train another living thing.”

    But the chief barker for Dog-E-Glow, the very astute Natalie Mikolich, offered to give away five leash-and-collar combinations to fortunate readers of The Detroit News. Sixty-some people and three dogs wrote to say “Pick me,” and what can I tell you? I’m always intrigued with how owners see their pets, and how their pets impact their lives.

    I liked the responses so much that I rolled over — and nobody even scratched my belly.

    The assignment was simple: Explain why your pet should sport an official, licensed, glow-in-the-dark U-M canine control system.

    Sue Schuon, who works for the university, wrote on behalf of her rescue greyhound. Gypsy was a racer, she says, until the night the track had a power failure and the dogs caught the lure.

    Discovering that the so-called rabbit was a fraud, “she refused to chase it ever again.” For demonstrating deductive reasoning, she can now trot across campus in maize and blue.

    Dearbornite DeSantis has an Australian shepherd named Finnigan who “lights up my life. With the new collar, he could light up everyone else’s.”

    Very poetic — but it’s actually DeSantis’ kid who made the difference. “I put my son through U-M,” he says. “I should at least get a dog collar.”

    Gendregske, who lives in Saginaw, wanted the U-M ensemble for his daughter’s boxer, Shelby. He notes that Dog-E-Glow has not cut a deal with Michigan’s greatest rival.

    “It’s a good thing Ohio State doesn’t have a collar,” he says, referencing a recent scandal. “They would just trade it for a tattoo.”

    In that first category, a shepherd/husky mix named Oliver gets lost in the uncut grass of a Wayne County dog park. Lucy was dog-napped. Bailey is beginning to have eye issues. Lucky has eye issues and cancer. Abby’s original owner died.

    Though they’re all worthy candidates, the collar and leash go to an Ypsilanti couple whose border collie mix is “smart, athletic, ambitious, and just the right amount of arrogant to represent the Harvard of the Midwest.”

    Furthermore, note Scott and Stella Anderson, Sasha is a Katrina rescue dog. “Yes, we’re shamelessly playing the sympathy card, but we really want the collar.”

    So does Zachery Stevens, a U-M wrestler who’d like to take it south when he becomes a college assistant coach. And Paul Beaudry, the transplanted half of a Michigan-Alabama couple who needs to let “these Nick-Saban-lovin’, Big-10-hatin’ Bammers” that life doesn’t revolve around the Auburn game. And Adam Bujalski, a Detroit expatriate in Indiana whose neighbor’s dog wears a Notre Dame vest.