• In the midst of October’s freak snowstorm that knocked out power to thousands, Robert Gracin watched as his neighbors at Madison at Macungie Village powered up their dark apartment with a generator.

    When their lights came on, so did some of the apartment complex’s outdoor lights. Gracin, an electrician, thought that was odd.

    Several months later, other tenants in the complex, Brian and Kelly Magill, had trouble with their electric stove. They thought it odd when they shut off their apartment’s power to fix the stove and the lights in front of their building went off, too.

    Gracin and the Magills now know why. The wiring for some outdoor lights at the complex was hooked to the electric meters of some apartments. Since tenants pay their own electric bills based on those meter readings, that meant some tenants had been paying to light public portions of the village.

    Gracin and the Magills are at odds with the complex over how much they should be reimbursed.

    Christine Murray, regional property manager for Madison Apartment Group, said the complex has made an offer, which she wouldn’t disclose.

    The Magills and Gracin, who lived at the apartments with his fiancee but recently moved, told me they reviewed the offer with their attorney Tuesday and rejected it. They also declined to disclose the amount.

    “It was basically a slap in the face,” Kelly Magill said.

    Their lawyer has requested reimbursement for all of their electricity costs since they have lived in the apartments in Macungie, about $7,701 for the Magills and about $4,454 for Gracin and his fiance.

    Murray would not discuss that request with me.

    “It is our policy not to conduct dialogues with our residents in the media,” she said in an email. “We are always willing to listen with courtesy to our residents’ concerns, and are available to discuss this matter at their convenience.”

    Gracin and the Magills told me the apartment complex hadn’t listened or taken their complaint seriously at first, which is why they went to a lawyer, PPL and the Watchdog.

    “We tried to talk to them and be rational with this,” Gracin told me.

    In letters to Gracin’s fiancee and the Magills, PPL said it had found wiring for other lights on the property connected to their meters.

    Murray told me they had been paying for two lights that illuminate the front step area of their buildings. She said it’s unclear how the error happened, because the wiring and lights were in place when Macungie Apartment Associates bought the property in 2007.


  • An excellent resource for consumers and businesses looking for ways to save money is available online at the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) can help anyone save money by replacing inefficient appliances and lighting systems with those that are energy efficient or that use renewable energy sources. In many cases, a simple lighting retrofit that makes use of LED lights can save an individual hundreds or thousands of dollars in rebates and other incentives provided by the government, utility companies and nonprofit organizations.

    DSIRE was established in 1995 as a project of the North Carolina Solar Center and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Funding is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, and the website is operated by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The information on the website is updated by a full-time staff of analysts who research existing statutes, new legislation, executive orders and public utilities commission orders. Additional sources of information include official websites, newsletters and news articles.

    The website provides consumers and businesses with a database of incentives and rebates based on renewable energy and energy efficiency. These incentives are provided by the federal government, state governments, local governments, utility companies and nonprofit organizations. They are organized by state, the organization offering the incentive and the type of incentive.

    Summaries are provided on each incentive, and links are available to supporting documentation, applications and official websites. Contact information is also listed for those who wish to speak or write to representatives directly. In addition, all summaries are printable to be viewed and shared later.

    DSIRE is the perfect website to learn how to receive rebates and tax incentives for the simple act of installing a lighting retrofit. LED lights can save homeowners and business owners hundreds of dollars every year in electric use, but the cost of upgrading can be recovered even more quickly by taking advantage of all the incentives in a particular area.

    Information on the DSIRE website is updated regularly, and incentives are never included until they have been officially enacted. By omitting pending legislation and policy considerations, viewers can be assured that all information is current. The website also excludes information about vehicles and water efficiency, which makes it easier to find pertinent information on  electrical systems, such as lighting.


  • Patio Living Concepts announces that Douglas Orians has been named as Vice President of Sales and Marketing for the company. Patio Living Concepts is a domestic designer and manufacturer of outdoor lighting and associated accessories. Orians will be responsible for all aspects of Patio Living Concepts’ global sales and marketing activities through the company’s multiple distribution channels. Orians has over 25 years of experience in senior sales and marketing roles with companies in the outdoor living products category.

    “We are extremely pleased to welcome to our team as accomplished a professional as Douglas,” said Dale Klaus, owner of Patio Living Concepts. “He brings a highly successful 25 year sales management background in the outdoor segment, which will enable Patio Living Concepts to expand current and new distribution channels.”

    Orians’ responsibilities will include coordination of the company’s established representative team, management of the company’s marketing efforts and new product research and development. Marketing and expansion of the company’s new LED lighting lines as well as molded accessories lines will be a priority for Orians and his team in reaching out to current customers as well as exploring new categories and markets.

    Iluminarc has announced the indoor/outdoor lighting solution Ilumiline Inground 12 IP WW, designed for wall grazing and suited for installation in commercial spaces, homes, lobbies, hospitals or in exterior settings such as building facades and entranceways.

    This multipurpose LED linear wash light has 12 warm white 1-watt LEDs that project elegant and simple warm lighting. With an ingress protection of 67, Ilumiline Inground 12 IP WW features 316 marine-grade stainless steel hardware and a 316 steel trim ring to protect against corrosive environments..

    Established in 2001, Patio Living Concepts designs and manufacturers in its Linn, MO facilities weatherproof portable outdoor lamps and accessories. Lamp designs span the full spectrum of design motifs including traditional and contemporary lamp posts, table lamps, floor lamps and woven lamps. The latest in LED lighting options recently have been introduced with string lighting for umbrellas and Garden Glo planter lighting. Remote control multi-color lighting debuted at the 2011 Casual Market. Outdoor accessories including umbrella bases and planters are also included in the company’s lines.


  • Light of specific wavelengths can be used to boost an enzyme’s function by as much as 30-fold, potentially establishing a path to less expensive biofuels, detergents and a host of other products.

    In a paper published in The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, a team led by Pratul Agarwal of the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory described a process that aims to improve upon nature—and it happens in the blink of an eye.

    “When light enters the eye and hits the pigment known as rhodopsin, it causes a complex chemical reaction to occur, including a conformational change,” Agarwal said. “This change is detected by the associated protein and through a rather involved chain of reactions is converted into an electrical signal for the brain.”

    With this as a model, Agarwal’s team theorized that it should be possible to improve the catalytic efficiency of enzyme reactions by attaching chemical elements on the surface of an enzyme and manipulating them with the use of tuned light.

    The researchers introduced a light-activated molecular switch across two regions of the enzyme Candida antarctica lipase B, or CALB—which breaks down fat molecules—identified through modeling performed on DOE’s Jaguar supercomputer.

    “Using this approach, our preliminary work with CALB suggested that such a technique of introducing a compound that undergoes a light-inducible conformational change onto the surface of the protein could be used to manipulate enzyme reaction,” Agarwal said.

    While the researchers obtained final laboratory results at industry partner AthenaES, computational modeling allowed Agarwal to test thousands of combinations of enzyme sites, modification chemistry, different wavelengths of light, different temperatures and photo-activated switches. Simulations performed on Jaguar also allowed researchers to better understand how the enzyme’s internal motions control the catalytic activity.

    “This modeling was very important as it helped us identify regions of the enzyme that were modified by interactions with chemicals,” said Agarwal, a member of ORNL’s Computer Science and Mathematics Division. “Ultimately, the modeling helped us understand how the mechanical energy from the surface can eventually be transferred to the active site where it is used to conduct the chemical reaction.”

    Agarwal noted that enzymes are present in every organism and are widely used in industry as catalysts in the production of biofuels and countless other everyday products. Researchers believe this finding could have immense potential for improving enzyme efficiency, especially as it relates to biofuels.


  • Yellow Medicine County finished the first quarter of the year in good overall financial shape in terms of budget expenditures, according to a report presented by Finance Manager Michelle May at the regularly scheduled county board meeting on Tuesday.

    County Administrator Ryan Krosch said expenditures from the general fund, which accounts for about half of the county budget, were at about 29 percent of budget for the first quarter. Of the other two largest county departments, Human Services spent about 27 percent of budget. Roads and Bridges was at 19 percent, much lower than normal because of the lack of snow last winter.

    “As a whole we’re right where we need to be in the first quarter,” Krosch said.

    The board also heard from Countryside Public Health Deputy Administrator Linda Norland, who summarized the state’s county health rankings in the five counties that comprise the CPH joint powers agreement.

    Countryside Public Health is operated by Yellow Medicine, Big Stone, Chippewa, Lac qui Parle and Swift counties.

    According to the data presented by Norland, Yellow Medicine County ranks 69th out of 87 Minnesota counties as measured by an aggregate number of health factors, the lowest of the five counties in CPH. The highest ranking county of the five was Lac qui Parle, the 12th in Minnesota.

    Norland told the board CPH has run in the red for the past three years, and a meeting has been scheduled to discuss priorities for health services on April 25 at a located to be determined later.

    With federal and state funding cuts, CPH will face some hard choices on how and which services to deliver, according to Norland.

    “We’d like to discuss how we decide what our priorities are,” Norland said. “Which is it better to do? Provide child car seats or water testing?”

    Norland told the board some health issues are beyond the capability of the agency to help.

    “One of the factors in poor pregnancy outcomes is lack of a significant other,” Norland said. “A third of all mothers on the WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) program are single. We can’t affect that.”

    The meeting, which Norland called a “mini-retreat,” will be comprised of a county commissioner and a layperson from each of the five member counties, with two commissioners representing Lac qui Parle County because of its relatively larger population.

    Lyon County Environmental Administrator Paul Henriksen briefed the board on the planned collection event on Saturday, May 19, for appliances, electronics, fluorescent bulbs, and tires.

    Collection points will be set up in county highway shops in Granite Falls and Canby and at the city of Clarkfield Maintenance Shop. Disposal of appliances will be free, except for freon-containing appliances such as refrigerators and air conditioners. All electronics will cost $10 to dispose of. There will be a sliding scale for fluorescent bulbs and tires ranging from 50 cents to $1.75 for bulbs, and from $2.25 to $35 for tires depending on size.


  • Payne said that there has been an ongoing discussion about replacing the Athens EMS station.

    “Everyone involved knows it is old and needs repairs,” he said. “The commissioners have been trying to find a suitable location to build or convert an existing building to replace the Athens Station.”

    Payne informed ACEMS employees that they “can always speak with me or email me about any concerns they feel are not being meet by the director.”

    He promised to check into the issues raised.

    “I just took a tour of the Coolville Station, with the Coolville station chief, earlier this month, and besides the recommendations listed, the station is in very good condition,” Payne said.

    The commissioners will be going over the matter with Lenigar at their regular meeting, he added.

    Meanwhile, Lenigar suggested that he’s been aware of the maintenance concerns in an email exchange with Commissioner Eliason. His email amounted to seeking advice on how to proceed with addressing the issues.

    “Several of the station chiefs have requested some maintenance issues to be completed at their stations during my last meeting with them,” Lenigar wrote. “A majority are minor issues such as some appliance updates and things such as painting and minor landscaping for spring.”

    He questioned at what point must maintenance issues be contracted out as opposed to being handled at the station personnel level.

    “One example is the crews of Station 51 Athens have requested that the awnings that were damaged during the high winds this spring just be removed and the Station itself be painted, which they have offered to do,” he wrote. “Several other chiefs have requested that they have some overhead fluorescent lights repaired or replaced. I would assume that such electrical projects should not be done by station personnel.”

    Lenigar cited county maintenance staff that takes care of various county buildings.

    “But I understand that they are understaffed and not able to service the ACEMS buildings,” he said.

    In response, Eliason suggested discussing the possibility of hiring a maintenance person.

    “We could hire one in the general fund and have you contract for services or hire one for you directly,” he wrote. “I don’t think anyone of the staff should be doing anything beyond routine cleaning, changing light bulbs, etc., at any time since that changes their scope of work.”

    Lenigar compiled the list of maintenance concerns that were submitted to him during a station cheifs’ meeting in late February. He said he’s been waiting for the first tax assessment to come through before addressing the concerns.

    As for the specifics, the Athens Station, according to Lenigar and the station chief, needs an electrical check, light repair, awning repair or removal, paint, a plumbing check, repair or replacement of kitchen cabinets, window and door repairs, drywall repairs, heating and cooling system maintenance, drop-ceiling repairs and general landscaping work


  • AT NIGHT if you are driving along the M50 you can pick out Audi North Dublin by its row of LED lights shining through the top storey showroom windows.

    In daylight this huge building resembles a patchwork quilt because of signage belonging to other businesses that share part of this big square building.

    To gain entry to the site one passes Denis Mahony Ltd, a more traditional garage that featured here some time back.

    We parked and took a stroll around the outside of the building. Here we found reserved parking signs (no disabled) and a good number of used Audis.

    We saw a vehicle being power washed and asked a man wearing a black Audi jacket if these were for-sale vehicles. He told us most were customer service cars and all the used models were in the building.

    A strong southerly breeze was blowing spray from the wash area over these cars - and we found this not to be the best practice.

    On entering the large open-plan showroom we saw up to 16 new Audis all priced and carrying full details.

    It was all professionally appointed with customer waiting, coffee dock, brochure stands and accessories. One area of the showroom had a boutique effect with Audi sports clothing on display.

    An R8 convertible took centre stage. Amazingly, this layout of beautiful cars and SUVs cannot be seen or enjoyed by passing traffic. Only those actually visiting or going to the trouble of driving into North Park and parking can enjoy the view of these latest models.

    Another man wearing an Audi signature jacket came to our assistance. He told us he’d get us a salesman in a moment.

    Keith Lenihan came along and introduced himself. We told him of our interest in a used A5 Coupe or an A4 automatic.

    He invited us to take the lift to the second floor where he fetched a used car list.

    On top we found up to 63 used Audi’s all parked in numerical order A1, A3, A4 etc.

    We also checked out the toilets. While the hand-dryer worked in the gents, the paper towel dispenser for drying hands was empty. Otherwise the units were up to standard.

    Keith arrived and showed us a 3.0Tdi A5. It was a fine example but the big engine was off-putting.

    He told us he had two 08 1.8 TFSi petrols being prepared for sale. He showed us their details on the used list. While the 24,995 and 25,995 price tags were about on budget, he told us we would have to pay more to get a 2.0 TDi diesel as they were not introduced until almost two years later.

    As we descended in the lift we asked about other makes of used cars. He told us they only dealt in Audis. What discount, we asked, would he give on a straight deal for the 09 A4? He said they do not give discount. Keith went on to say they do review a vehicles pricing after 30 days.


  • Though World Water Day usually falls on March 22, Greenwood International School celebrated a little early this year.

    On March 1 pupils were asked to bring in reusable bottles and a water-saving tip.

    The idea was conjured up by the school’s Eco Club as part of their ongoing eco-activities to help create awareness at school and at home.

    Reusable bottles mean less plastic waste and if you are more mindful of the amount of water you waste when throwing half-filled bottles away, you are more likely not to waste.

    The winning section of the school was the elementary side as only 5 per cent of the pupils brought in disposable bottles, followed by the kindergarten pupils, and finishing up with the high school pupils with 10 per cent.

    The water saving tips were displayed in each of the student sections throughout the school.

    Also, for our school’s annual Environment Week which was held from March 18 until today, pupils brought in different recycling items from home every day.

    The event is designed to link to the community and get families involved in reducing the community’s carbon footprint.

    On Sunday, they brought in plastic, bottles and on Monday they brought in paper and cardboard.

    On Tuesday we collected various forms of e-waste and printer cartridges brought in by the pupils, which ties into the initiative our school has joined along with HP to collect and recycle all cartridges to save them from the landfill.

    Yesterday was Green Day, where pupils wore green to school. We also had several eco-companies visit the school and pupils created eco-games and activities to raise awareness about our school’s carbon footprint. Today the pupils will be bringing in clothes, shoes and bags that they wish to donate.

    As an energy saving exercise, the pupils also had classes outside throughout the week. All the items collected for Environment Week will be collected by different companies we have sought to help us recycle the items.

    Our school is one of the five pilot schools to take part in the HSBC Climate Initiative alongside the Emirates Wildlife Society and the World Wildlife Fund. The theme for the programme is reducing water, waste and energy.

    As part of the initiative the school formed an eco-committee, comprised of an eco-president and vice-president for each section as well as an eco-ambassador for each class.

    We have been given seed money by HSBC to increase our water and energy reduction by putting in water reducers and light sensors in our school corridors and bathrooms.


  • In September of 1972, I began a nine-year career as a coal miner. With only the sparsest of instructions regarding how to operate a self-rescuer (explanation not demonstration) and a description of light signals, I was shuttled onto the elevator and led on a half-mile hike to the section. Within an hour of arriving at the coal mine for my first shift I was on a production section thrown into the position of ventilation man.

    Thirteen years later I began my work as the training manager at Borg-Warner Chemicals near Parkersburg. One of the first things I noticed was that the attention and approach to safety was quite different in the two industries. The coal mine approach was to put you on the job with rudimentary instructions and let you learn while working. (I found this process a scary way to be introduced to one of the most dangerous workplaces in the country.)

    In the chemical industry, you were placed with an experienced person for several weeks before you were allowed to operate anything. At BorgWarner in the mid-1980s, when a coffee pot cord got hot or smoked, it was reported as a fire. At every meeting the first agenda item was safety.

    In the coal mine, batteries exploded and cables kicked power in water puddles and little was noted other than downtime for the piece of equipment involved. Of course, full-blown, flaming fires, were addressed and reported.

    No one in either industry, workers or company personnel, wanted any employee to be hurt or killed. Regardless, the focus on safety in the two industries was different in intensity. Coal miners had stickers on their hard hats and dinner buckets that said, “Safety First, Safety Needs No Luck, Keep Safety in Mined, Think Safely-Work Safely, and Safety Has No Quitting Time.” We had a 15-minute safety meeting every Monday, but throughout the rest of the week various shortcuts and risk-taking was commonplace.

    When I saw the attention to safety at BorgWarner, I was amazed. However, since a chemical plant accident could threaten whole communities, I came to realize that even more attention to safety was necessary. We instituted communication training across the plant to help all employees talk about safety and production issues. We revamped the entry level training to include 12 days of sessions on the plant, its equipment, and the chemicals involved. Each segment had a pre-test and post-test and a successful grade of 70 percent was mandatory.

    Safety at every workplace could probably stand more rigorous attention. Facilitated dialogue about the important business issues can help people internalize and demonstrate needed behaviors. Leader should occasionally ask themselves, “What in our business if we could change it would dramatically improve our performance and safety record?” Because performance and safety go hand-in-hand in the minds of the employees.


  • “INCREDIBLE!” CHASE EXCLAIMED, HIS GRAY EYES assessing Ivy with mock admiration. Ivy, Will, and Beth squeezed together on their picnic blanket to make room. Chase had arrived at the last minute, claiming a place on the bayside beach among the Fourth of July revelers. Somehow, he always seemed to find them.

    “Last year your boyfriend was murdered,” Chase went on, his eyes bright with amusement. “This year you hook up with a cold-blooded killer. That’s quite a dating résumé for a nice girl like you!”

    Ivy wanted to tell him off; instead, she shook her head as if she could hardly believe how badly she had been deceived. “It’s horrifying! I was totally fooled by Luke. I never thought he was capable of violence.”

    “It was obvious to me,” Chase replied.

    Will, who had been aimlessly drawing in the sand, threw aside the stick he’d been using. He lifted his head, his brown eyes narrowing with dislike. Ivy knew why.

    Chase had been curious about the stranger who had washed up on Lighthouse Beach and skeptical about Luke’s amnesia. But it was Will who had repeatedly warned her that a guy found badly beaten and unconscious, who claimed he had no idea how it happened, probably had a dark past. Ivy had attributed Will’s warnings to his habit of being protective of her. When she had ended her romantic relationship with Will, she’d chalked up his actions to jealousy. But in the end, Will’s decision to report Ivy’s new love to the police had appeared to be the right one. Luke McKenna was on the run, wanted for strangling his ex-girlfriend.

    “It’s over now,” Will said. “Let’s drop the subject.” “I was just thinking —” Chase persisted. “It’s over!” Will snapped. Ivy knew that, given what Will and the others didn’t know, Will’s anger with her was justified. The fact that he was able to keep it down to a simmer and continue to work with her at the Seabright Inn was evidence of his strong character. Last summer, when Tristan had died, Will had risked his life to save Ivy from Tristan’s murderer, Gregory. As far as her friends knew, Ivy had recently broken up with Luke because she had been deceived once more by a “cold- blooded killer.”

    “It’s not over,” Beth said. Everyone turned to her. “He will have revenge.” The skin on Ivy’s arm prickled. Was Beth talking about

    Luke — or Gregory? “Luke got his revenge when he strangled that girl,”

    Chase replied. “He’s on the lam. If he has half a brain, he’s far away by now.”

    Luke McKenna was far away, Ivy thought. He had drowned the night Tristan crawled to shore in Luke’s body. But where was Tristan?

    Ivy prayed he was somewhere safe, a place where the police would never find him and charge him with Luke’s crime. But safety meant he was far away from here, far away from her. She ached as much as she had the first time she had lost him.

    Withdrawing from the conversation, Ivy gazed out at the dark water of Cape Cod Bay. Now and then a small flare discharged, brightening the outlines of a barge laden with fireworks. People impatiently checked the time on their cell phones and watches. Finally, a bright missile shot up from the barge, and every face turned toward the sky.

    “Oh!” the spectators exclaimed in one breath. Color exploded against the night sky, bright red bars ending in a circle of stars. Ivy watched the fireworks’ falling sparks: pure bits of light suddenly going dark and drifting into nothingness.

    Why was Tristan inside Luke’s body? she wondered. Lacey claimed that Tristan had fallen the night he used his angelic powers to give life to Ivy. Was he a dark angel now? Ivy’s heart rebelled at the thought. Tristan had acted in pure love. Her stepbrother, Gregory, had acted with jealousy, greed, and deadly anger. Last summer, trying to murder her, he had killed Tristan instead. For a time, Gregory had pretended to grieve with and comfort Ivy. He’d acted the part of loving older brother with her younger brother, Philip, just to get to her. If Gregory had had his way, he would have killed them both. It was Gregory who had died and become a demon, not Tristan.

    A cascade of colors brought her back to the present. Purple splashed over brilliant green, gold spilled over purple. The sky is raining fire, she thought. She turned to look at Beth and caught her breath: Her best friend gazed back at her, fire and darkness in her eyes. A series of booms drew Beth’s attention. A finale of garish explosions bathed Beth’s upturned face in a sinister radiance. It was over; smoke hung heavily over the still bay. A moment of silence was followed by applause and a blast of boat horns. People around them stood up, talking excitedly about which firework was their favorite.

    “I’ve seen better,” Chase said as they crossed the beach toward Wharf Lane. “In Jackson Hole —”

    “Life must be a continual disappointment to you,” Will observed, “since you’ve always seen and experienced something better.”

    Chase shrugged. “Why pretend? I dislike false modesty. Don’t you, Elizabeth?” he added, draping his arm across Beth’s shoulders.

    Beth slid out from under his arm, and he laughed. The more Beth tried to get away from Chase, the harder he pursued her. Initially, her reunion with a boy she had known since middle-school summers on the Cape had left Beth in awe. Somehow gawky Chase Hardy had morphed into a tall, broad-shouldered guy with sea-mist eyes and dark curly hair. He could have dropped out of any one of the romances Beth liked to write. But since the night of the séance, Beth had changed, withdrawing from him, from Ivy, from most everyone but Will.

    Watching Chase and Beth together, Will frowned. Ivy wondered if it was his dislike for Chase or his surprise at Beth’s behavior that prompted his reaction. The old Beth, the most sensitive person Ivy knew, would have let a cobra rest on her shoulders if she feared she might otherwise hurt its feelings.

    For the last week Ivy had kept her discovery about Beth’s secret, hoping she was wrong — knowing she wasn’t — looking for the right moment to talk with Will about their friend. In retrospect, it seemed so clear: Beth, a natural medium, would be the easiest mind for Gregory to slip into. Still, everything about Beth, her voice and softly rounded face and feathery sweep of light-colored hair, was gentle. It was only when Ivy dared to look into Beth’s darkening eyes that she could believe Gregory was present in her friend.

    Chase fell into step with Will as they started up Wharf Lane, discussing movies. Ivy walked beside Beth, who kept her face averted, as if she were interested only in the dark hedges and stone walls that lined the narrow road. The lane ended at Route 6A, where a large Victorian house occupied one corner and an old church perched on the other. Will had parked in the pebble lot behind the church.

    “Hold up,” Will said, pausing at the edge of the lot. “I want to take a look at this place.” An artist, he was always on the hunt for interesting landscapes and buildings.

    They followed him as he circled the church. It was small, with just three sets of elongated double windows on each side, steep rooflines, and triangular dormers. A square bell tower anchored the corner of the wooden building, its high porch covered by a trussed roof forming the entrance to the church. The wood that sheathed the bell tower was laid in narrow bands, the first story running horizontally, the second vertically, with the boards below the bell cut in wavy lines as if an expert baker had iced the blocky tower with a delicate knife.